Question: What Were The East German Secret Police Called?

What happened to East German spies after reunification?

Numerous Stasi officials were prosecuted for their crimes after 1990.

After German reunification, the surveillance files that the Stasi had maintained on millions of East Germans were opened, so that any citizen could inspect their personal file on request.

These files are now maintained by the Stasi Records Agency..

What was the Stasi in Germany?

Stasi, official name Ministerium für Staatsicherheit (German: “Ministry for State Security”), secret police agency of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). The Stasi was one of the most hated and feared institutions of the East German communist government.

What did East Germany call the Berlin Wall?

On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany) began to build a barbed wire and concrete “Antifascistischer Schutzwall,” or “antifascist bulwark,” between East and West Berlin.

Why did people escape East Germany?

Escapees had various motives for attempting to flee East Germany. The vast majority had an essentially economic motive: they wished to improve their living conditions and opportunities in the West. Some fled for political reasons, but many were impelled to leave by specific social and political events.

How many did the Stasi kill?

A new German study has put at 327 the number of people killed at the East German border during the Cold War. Most were civilians trying to flee to the West from communist East Germany. The 327 includes 262 who died at the Berlin Wall, and 24 East German border guards who were shot while on duty.

Who controlled East Germany?

From 1949 to the early 1970s, West Germany maintained that East Germany was an illegally constituted state. It argued that the GDR was a Soviet puppet state, and frequently referred to it as the “Soviet occupation zone”. This position was shared by West Germany’s allies as well until 1973.

What countries have secret police?

Contents1.1 Afghanistan.1.2 Albania.1.3 Algeria.1.4 Angola.1.5 Argentina.1.6 Bolivia.1.7 Brazil.1.8 Bulgaria.More items…

Do cops in Germany carry guns?

Depending on the certain state police regulation, German police officers may be authorized to carry their department-issued firearms while off duty. … In their private properties, the officers are required to have a safe to store their gun while not carrying it.

Why did the Soviets build the Berlin Wall?

To halt the exodus to the West, Soviet leader Nikita Khruschev recommended to East Germany that it close off access between East and West Berlin. On the night of August 12-13, 1961, East German soldiers laid down more than 30 miles of barbed wire barrier through the heart of Berlin.

What were the East German police called?

The Ministry for State Security (German: Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, MfS) or State Security Service (Staatssicherheitsdienst, SSD), commonly known as the Stasi (IPA: [ˈʃtaːziː]), was the official state security service of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).

Who said I am a Berliner?

Recounting Kennedy’s speech, they observed how the “-er” suffix can pull double duty, noting that “a Berliner is a ‘jelly doughnut. ‘” It would take another decade or two for the myth to take hold that Kennedy’s usage was erroneous and laughable.

What is the Red Terror?

The Red Terror was a period of political repression and mass killings carried out by Bolsheviks after the beginning of the Russian Civil War in 1918. … The Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police) carried out the repressions of the Red Terror.

What did the SS do?

SS Police State An important tool of Nazi terror was the Protective Squad (Schutzstaffel), or SS, which began as a special guard for Adolf Hitler and other party leaders. The black-shirted SS members formed a smaller, elite group whose members also served as auxiliary policemen and, later, as concentration camp guards.

What is the secret police of Russia?

From the beginning of their regime, the Bolsheviks relied on a strong secret, or political, police to buttress their rule. The first secret police, called the Cheka, was established in December 1917 as a temporary institution to be abolished once Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks had consolidated their power.

Does the Stasi still exist?

The Stasi used the building from 1950 until 1989. On the evening of 4 December 1989, it was occupied by protesters in order to stop the destruction of Stasi files. There has been a permanent exhibition on the site since 1990.

What did Stasi stand for?

Stasi, official name Ministerium für Staatsicherheit (German: “Ministry for State Security”), secret police agency of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). The Stasi was one of the most hated and feared institutions of the East German communist government.

What does BND stand for in Germany?

BundesnachrichtendienstBundesnachrichtendienst, BND. The Federal Intelligence Service, BND, is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany. It alerts the German government to threats to German interests from abroad.

What happened to the East German Stasi?

So, the Stasi were not punished, hunted down, executed, like former Communist leaders in Afghanistan, after the fall of the regime of Mohammad Najibullah in 1992. The highest members of the organization were put on trial, but then let go.

Why did Germany split into East and West?

After the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, Germany was divided between the two global blocs in the East and West, a period known as the division of Germany. Germany was stripped of its war gains and lost territories in the east to Poland and the Soviet Union.

Is FBI in Germany?

The Federal Intelligence Service (German: Bundesnachrichtendienst; German pronunciation: [ˌbʊndəsˈnaːχʁɪçtnˌdiːnst], BND) is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor’s Office.

What were the German secret police called?

The Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo (German: [ɡəˈʃtaːpo]; /ɡəˈstɑːpoʊ/), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe. The force was created by Hermann Göring in 1933 by combining the various security police agencies of Prussia into one organisation.

How many Stasi are informants?

There were about 91,000 full-time Stasi employees, plus an army of unofficial informants numbering around 180,000.

What are the Russian police called?

The Russian police (formerly the militsiya) are the primary law enforcement agency, the Investigative Committee of Russia (the “Russian FBI”) is the main investigative agency, and the Federal Security Service (formerly the KGB) is the main domestic security agency.

Could West Germans go to East Germany?

West Germans and citizens of other Western countries could in general visit East Germany. … West Berliners initially could not visit East Berlin or East Germany at all. All crossing points were closed to them between 26 August 1961 and 17 December 1963.

Who was the first person to die at the Berlin Wall?

The street itself belonged to the French sector of West Berlin and the East German authorities declared that the windows and doors that led out onto Bernauer Straße should be bricked up. In the early morning of 22 August 1961, Ida Siekmann was the first of 98 people to die while attempting to escape.

How many soldiers guarded the Berlin Wall?

Border Troops of the German Democratic RepublicBranchMinistry of National Defence (1961–1990) Nationale Volksarmee (1961–1971) Ministry of the Interior (1946–1952, 1953–1961) Ministry for State Security (1952–1953)Size47,000Garrison/HQPätzCommanders6 more rows

What is the German FBI called?

Federal Intelligence ServiceThe Federal Intelligence Service (German: Bundesnachrichtendienst; German pronunciation: [ˌbʊndəsˈnaːχʁɪçtnˌdiːnst], BND) is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor’s Office.