Question: Which Five Year Plan Was Most Successful?

What is forced collectivization?

Collectivization was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant households into collective farms called “kolkhozes” as carried out by the Soviet government in the late 1920’s – early 1930’s..

How many 5 year plans were there?

From 1947 to 2017, the Indian economy was premised on the concept of planning. This was carried through the Five-Year Plans, developed, executed, and monitored by the Planning Commission (1951-2014) and the NITI Aayog (2015-2017).

How did collectivization lead to famine?

Major contributing factors to the famine include the forced collectivization of agriculture as a part of the Soviet first five-year plan, forced grain procurement, combined with rapid industrialisation, a decreasing agricultural workforce, and several bad droughts.

How did the kulaks respond to collectivization?

The kulaks vigorously opposed the efforts to force the peasants to give up their small privately owned farms and join large cooperative agricultural establishments. At the end of 1929 a campaign to “liquidate the kulaks as a class” (“dekulakization”) was launched by the government.

Was the five year plan successful?

Successes of the first five-year plan Areas like capital goods increased 158%, consumer goods increased by 87%, and total industrial output increased by 118%. … The largest success of the first five-year plan, however, was the Soviet Union beginning its journey to become an economic and industrial superpower.

What was the main focus of First Five Year Plan?

Explanation: The main focus of the first five-year plan was the agricultural development of the country. Agriculture is still the backbone of the Indian economy in terms of employment generation.

What was Stalin’s 5 year plan?

Stalin’s First Five-Year Plan, adopted by the party in 1928, called for rapid industrialization of the economy, with an emphasis on heavy industry. It set goals that were unrealistic—a 250 percent increase in overall industrial development and a 330 percent expansion in heavy industry alone.

What is the new name of Five Year Plan?

12 Five-Year Plans in India If the First Five-Year Plan focused on agriculture and energy, the Second Five-Year Plan focused on the development of the public sector and rapid industrialisation. Drafted by statistician P.C. Mahalanobis, the Second Plan was also called the Mahalanobis Plan.

What is the 13th five year plan?

The 13th five-year defence plan (2017-22) envisages an allocation of Rs 26,83,924 crore for the armed forces. 1 This includes Rs 13,95,271 crore under the revenue segment and the remainder for defraying the capital expenditure.

What happened to the kulaks?

The kulaks were decimated in the 1930s following orders by Joseph Stalin in order to guarantee collectivisation. The word kulak originally referred to former peasants in the Russian Empire who became wealthier during the Stolypin reform from 1906 to 1914.

Who is called the father of Indian planning?

Mokshagundam VisvesvarayaFather of Indian Economic Planning is Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.

How did collectivization affect peasants?

Collectivization profoundly traumatized the peasantry. The forcible confiscation of meat and bread led to mutinies among the peasants. They even preferred to slaughter their cattle than hand it over to the collective farms. Sometimes the Soviet government had to bring in the army to suppress uprisings.

Does five year plan still exist?

The decades-old Five-Year Plans will make way for a three-year action plan, which will be part of a seven-year strategy paper and a 15-year vision document. The Niti Aayog, which has replaced the Planning Commission, is launching a three-year action plan from April 1.

Which five year plan is running now?

12th Five Year Plan of the Government of India (2012–17) was India’s last Five Year Plan. With the deteriorating global situation, the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission Mr Montek Singh Ahluwalia has said that achieving an average growth rate of 9 per cent in the next five years is not possible.