Quick Answer: Should I Use IKEv1 Or IKEv2?

What’s the difference between IKEv1 and IKEv2?

–> IKEv1 requires symmetric authentication (both have to use the same method of authentication), whereas IKEv2 uses Asymmetric Authentication ( Means one side RSA, another side can be pre-shared-key).

–> IKEv2 allows you to use separate keys for each direction which provides more security compared to IKEv1..

What is Phase 1 and Phase 2 in VPN?

The main purpose of Phase 1 is to set up a secure encrypted channel through which the two peers can negotiate Phase 2. … The purpose of Phase 2 negotiations is for the two peers to agree on a set of parameters that define what traffic can go through the VPN, and how to encrypt and authenticate the traffic.

Why NAT traversal is used?

Network Address Translation-Traversal (NAT-T) is a method for getting around IP address translation issues encountered when data protected by IPsec passes through a NAT device for address translation. … NAT-T encapsulates both IKE and ESP traffic within UDP with port 4500 used as both the source and destination port.

Which is better OpenVPN or IKEv2?

Performance: In many cases IKEv2 is faster than OpenVPN since it is less CPU-intensive. There are, however, numerous variables that affect speed, so this may not apply in all use cases. From a performance standpoint with mobile users, IKEv2 may be the best option because it does well establishing a reconnection.

What is IKEv1?

In computing, Internet Key Exchange (IKE, sometimes IKEv1 or IKEv2, depending on version) is the protocol used to set up a security association (SA) in the IPsec protocol suite. IKE builds upon the Oakley protocol and ISAKMP.

What is Quick mode in IPSec?

Quick mode occurs after IKE has established the secure tunnel in phase 1. It negotiates a shared IPSec policy, derives shared secret keying material used for the IPSec security algorithms, and establishes IPSec SAs. Quick mode exchanges nonces that provide replay protection.

What is the weakness of PPTP?

PPTP provides weak protection to the integrity of the data being tunneled. The RC4 cipher, while providing encryption, does not verify the integrity of the data as it is not an Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data (AEAD) cipher.

Is IKEv2 secure?

Is IKEv2 Secure? Yes, IKEv2 is a protocol that’s safe to use. It supports 256-bit encryption, and can use ciphers like AES, 3DES, Camellia, and ChaCha20. What’s more, IKEv2/IPSec also supports PFS + the protocol’s MOBIKE feature makes sure your connection won’t be dropped when changing networks.

What is IKE UDP port?

Traffic on UDP port 500 is used for the start of all IKE negotiations between VPN peers. … In some cases, UDP port 4500 is also used.

What is the difference between Ike and IPSec?

The IP Security (IPSec) and Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocols are quickly becoming standards in VPN communications. IPSec is essentially a set of security protocols and algorithms that ensure data security on the network layer. …

Which VPN protocol is fastest?

PPTPIf you want to stream at high-speeds, PPTP is the fastest VPN protocol because of its weak encryption. L2TP and IKEv2 are also fast, while OpenVPN and SSTP are slower than other VPN protocols.

Is IKEv1 insecure?

As mentioned above, the recent discovery of key-reuse vulnerability over IKEv1 makes the protocol really insecure. Exploiting the key-reuse vulnerability on Hide.me servers is not possible due to our design of IKEv1 deployment (we do not use the vulnerable RSA based authentication mechanism).

Why main mode is more secure than aggressive mode?

While Aggressive Mode is faster than Main Mode, it is less secure because it reveals the unencrypted authentication hash (the PSK). Aggressive Mode is used more often because Main Mode has the added complexity of requiring clients connecting to the VPN to have static IP addresses or to have certificates installed.

Does IKEv2 support aggressive mode?

Tunnel endpoints exchange fewer messages to establish a tunnel. IKEv2 uses four messages; IKEv1 uses either nine messages (in main mode) or six messages (in aggressive mode). Built-in NAT-T functionality improves compatibility between vendors.

What are IPSec tunnels?

IPSec Tunnel Mode. IPSec tunnel mode is the default mode. With tunnel mode, the entire original IP packet is protected by IPSec. This means IPSec wraps the original packet, encrypts it, adds a new IP header and sends it to the other side of the VPN tunnel (IPSec peer).

What is main mode in IPSec?

Main mode provides identity protection by authenticating peer identities when pre shared keys are used, and is typically used for site to site tunnels. The IKE SA’s are used to protect the security negotiations. You should use main mode when peers have static IP addresses.

What port does IKEv2 use?

By default, IKEv2 uses IPSec, which requires UDP ports 500 and 4500, and ESP IP Protocol 50. You cannot disable IPSec. By default, L2TP uses IPSec, which requires UDP ports 500 and 4500, and ESP IP Protocol 50.

Which VPN protocol is most secure?

SSTP VPN ProtocolSSTP VPN Protocol SSTP, which stands for Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol, is owned directly by Microsoft. As such, it works mostly on Windows, with functionality on Linux and Android as well. SSTP is regarded as among the most secure protocols as it transports traffic through the SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) protocol.

Is IKEv1 deprecated?

Internet Key Exchange version 1 (IKEv1) is deprecated. Accordingly, IKEv1 has been moved to Historic status. A number of old algorithms that are associated with IKEv1, and not widely implemented for IKEv2 are deprecated as well. IANA is instructed to close all IKEv1 registries.

What is IKE aggressive mode?

IKE Initiate Aggressive Mode. Page 1. IKE Initiate Aggressive Mode. The IKE: Initiate Aggressive Mode feature allows you to specify RADIUS tunnel attributes for an IP security (IPsec) peer and to initiate an Internet Key Exchange (IKE) aggressive mode negotiation with the tunnel attributes.

Which type of VPN is best?

Best VPN Protocols: OpenVPN vs PPTP vs L2TP vs OthersHere’s a quick breakdown of the seven biggest VPN protocols today:OpenVPN is the most often recommended, and widely used VPN protocol. … PPTP is already installed on most older Windows operating systems, making it an attractive option. … L2TP/IPSec is a solid VPN choice if you’re not exchanging sensitive data.More items…•